Smart farming uses a range of new technologies and sensors that are crucial for accurate data collection. U-Monitor is an artificial intelligence and intelligent dairy platform that monitors, detects and analyzes cattle behaviour to make informed decisions for farmers. It uses sensors in cattle stomachs to look for dysplasia and related diseases. It provides real-time data and enables immediate analysis and decision-making.
By using various intelligent agricultural implements, farmers can gain better control over the process of raising and growing livestock, making it more predictable and improving its efficiency. By using IoT solutions to capture environmental, machinery and performance indicators, farmers can make informed decisions to improve all aspects of their work, from livestock farming to plant breeding. For example, by using intelligent agricultural sensors to monitor crop conditions, a farmer can define how many pesticides and fertilizers he should use to achieve optimum efficiency.
Farmers have available new technologies such as sensors, decision support systems (DSS), automation, robotics, data collection, traceability and blockchain to support and improve productivity. As Smart farming becomes more commonplace among farmers, high-tech farms will become the norm thanks to agricultural drones and sensors. Below, we outline IoT solutions or applications in agriculture and how the Internet of Things can help farms meet global food needs in the coming years.
Smart farming is a management concept focusing on providing the agricultural industry with the infrastructure to use advanced technologies such as Big Data, Cloud and the Internet of Things to measure, monitor, automate and analyze operations. Intelligent agriculture is gaining in importance due to the combination of the growing world population, increasing demand for higher crop yields, the need to use natural resources more efficiently, the increasing use and refinement of information and communication technologies, and the growing need for climate-friendly agriculture. It refers to the Green Revolution in agriculture of the 1940s, which combined agricultural methods and technologies such as sensors, actuators, information and communication technologies (ICT), IoT and robotic drones to achieve the desired efficiency in production while controlling costs.
Given the potential benefits of IoT applications in agriculture, it is understandable why farmers rely on agricultural drones and satellites for future agriculture. Intelligent agriculture and precision farming have begun their triumphant march and are precursors to the increased use of technology in agriculture.
In the case of precision farming, intelligent farming techniques allow farmers to monitor the needs of individual animals, adjust their diet, prevent disease and improve the health of herds. These techniques help precision farming to make its process, by using satellite imagery and other technologies such as sensors to monitor and record data to improve production and production while reducing costs and conserving resources. This can lead to higher yields, as farmers save time and focus on the real problems of agriculture, such as pest control, irrigation and changing soil conditions through sensors and automation.
Precision farming allows farmers to use crop yields more efficiently, including fertilizer, pesticides, tillage, irrigation and water. In short, additional data on all aspects of farms will enable farmers to monitor and automate conditions where necessary.
There is another type of IoT solution for agriculture that has elements of precision agriculture: the plant management device. Intelligent technology now allows farmers to control their farms using a laptop-controlled tractor with GPS installed that instructs remote irrigation systems to switch on and off. Indian start-up One Water is leading its nascent parent company Info Technology in the development of intelligent irrigation systems for agriculture in the Internet of Things (IoT).
A 2013 Agriculture Department survey of U.S. farms and ranches found that only 10 percent of farmers used the technology for irrigation decisions. Farmers are beginning to understand that the Internet of Things can be a driving force to increase agricultural production cost-effectively. The Internet of Things Institute released a recently published article on real-world IoT applications in agriculture that highlighted start-ups that have been able to develop successful continuous monitoring systems for farmers.
The third green revolution is based on the combination of data-driven analytics technologies such as precision agriculture, IoT, big data analytics, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), drones and robotics. One of the biggest changes in agriculture of our time that is also spreading to developing countries is smart farming technology that includes data collected by satellites and drones and which can be adjusted to match the way farmers grow their crops. The Internet of Things (IoT) not only provides a way to measure and control growth factors, irrigation and fertilizer on farms, but it also changes how we view agriculture and what it does.